What is Web Development
The world wide web is a place of wonder that makes everything seem possible. It is wonderful because of the things we are capable of doing on the internet by just sitting at a couch in our home. We can connect with people worldwide, conduct research on any subject, discover new things, and create fantastic things. But none of this would be possible without websites. You need a website for everything that you do on the internet. But where do these sites come from? How do they work as they do? It is all thanks to the magic of web development.
Web development, also called web programming, is when the design of a web application is turned into a fully functioning website through coding and using different computer languages. These web applications can include social media sites like Facebook or e-commerce sites like eBay. Every inch of these sites has a code attached to it. This happens when web developers turn comprehensible English language into a language that the computer can understand such as HTML. The world keeps getting more and more digitized which means there is an increase in the demand of web developers each day.
Types of Web Developers
Web developers are a unique bunch of people all with the same goals but different skills. Each web developer has one job where they are meant to create a website that is functional and easy to use. However, since there are many different kinds of programming languages and not everyone knows all those languages or how to use them, it means there are web developers whose expertise lie in one particular category. The three main kinds of web developers are front-end, back-end, and full-stack developers. They all have a special set of skills that adheres to a specific kind of programming language.
Front-end developers are those who focus their attention and work on the visual side of things. Front-end developers are meant to handle all the intricacies of the web page that visitors see upon entering the domain. They focus on making sure the website looks great and has a user-friendly interface. The client submits the design and then they work on making it interactive. They add coding to give functionality to specific features like the menu bar, adjust the font and how the page works when someone is using it.
Back-end developers are the team that works behind the curtain and their work is hidden from any visitor. Their main task is to work on the server side of programming. The code they write is never visible to us but everyone makes use of it because without the codes no website would be able to work. They work on the server and its three major elements:
- Web server: This is where a webpage is stored along with its data. Once you enter in the domain address in your browser, the server sends the web page to your computer to run.
- Application server: When a user is browsing through an application and puts in the command for filtered data, the server then transfers data back and forth according to what they want to see. They store and send data based on your requests.
- Database server: This is the computer that stores and holds all the information and data regarding the website.
Back-end developers do not focus on the visual aspect of the web pages, they just make sure that the features added by the front-end developers work behind-the-scenes. One example of this is an e-commerce site. The back-end developers are responsible for showing you the items based on price or when you use a credit card to make a transaction. All of this means that they logical aspect of web development falls on the shoulders of back-end developers. Such developers work using programming languages like Python, Java, PHP.
Usually, web developers tend to focus on one kind of web programming and work according to that. Many developers figure out their niche during the learning period and decide whether they want to work as a front-end or back-end developer. It all depends on the kind of programming language they can learn and master. But sometimes, those individuals who are exceptionally intelligent end up learning more than one kind of programming.